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Explanation of Bloodwork

Explanation of Blood Work

Downloadable PDF file of the below chart: Explanation_of_Blood_Work_WellAmerica

Test Done
What It Means


RBC
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
MCV
MCH
MCHC
RDW

Red blood cells that carry oxygen. If low possible anemia due to iron poor blood.

Platelet Count
MPV

Stops bleeding

Segmented Neutrophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Absolute Neutrophil
Absolute Lymphocyte
Absolute Monocyte
Absolute Eosinophil
Absolute Basophil

White blood cells each have a different job in protecting your immunity. Eosinophils can be higher with allergies.

FASTING Glucose
Glucose is your blood sugar, which can be elevated in diabetes.

Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
Creatinine
GFR Estimated
BUN/ Creat Ratio
Kidney function tests (filter blood)

Uric Acid
Can be elevated with gout or certain medicines. Rich high protein foods can cause an increase.

Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Anion Gap
Osmolality, Calc.
Electrolytes, which you need for a good heart and other muscle functions.

Protein, Total
Albumin
Globulin
Alb/Glob Ratio
Protein

Cholesterol
Triglyceride
HDL Cholesterol
LDL Cholesterol
CHOL/HDL Ratio
Cholesterol-Normal is less than 200.
HDL “good” protective cholesterol – Normal is greater than 39 for men, 45 for women.
LDL “bad” cholesterol l- normal is less than 130 in most individuals.
Triglycerides (fatty foods) -Normal is less than 150.
Cholesterol/HDL ratio should be less than 5.0 for men, 4.5 for women.

Calcium
Phosphorus(inorganic)
Bone

Alkaline Phosphatase
GGT
ALT
AST
Lactic Dehydrogenase
Bilirubin, Total
Liver function tests can be abnormal with alcohol use, exposure to other liver toxins, infectious hepatitis, and medications.

Bladder Cancer Screening
Checks urine for pre cancer/ cancer changes.

Hepatitis B Antibody
“Positive” is good, this means that you have the antibody. “Negative” means that you do not have the antibody.

PSA. Prostate specific antigen
Prostate health. Can go higher with prostate infection or cancer.

CA-125
Ovary health

hs CRP C-Reactive Protein
Can help identify patients without known cardiovascular disease but higher risk than estimated by major risk factors. Average of 2 measures, ≥ 2 weeks apart.
– If > 10mg with search for obvious source of infection or inflammation.
– Low risk (<1.0)
– Average risk (1.0 – 3.0)
– High risk (>3)
AHA/CDC Scientific Statement. Circ 2003; 107-499.