Explanation of Blood Work
Downloadable PDF file of the below chart: Explanation_of_Blood_Work_WellAmerica
What It Means
Red blood cells that carry oxygen. If low possible anemia due to iron poor blood.
White blood cells each have a different job in protecting your immunity. Eosinophils can be higher with allergies.
Glucose is your blood sugar, which can be elevated in diabetes.
Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
BUN/ Creat Ratio
Kidney function tests (filter blood)
Can be elevated with gout or certain medicines. Rich high protein foods can cause an increase.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Electrolytes, which you need for a good heart and other muscle functions.
Cholesterol-Normal is less than 200.
HDL “good” protective cholesterol – Normal is greater than 39 for men, 45 for women.
LDL “bad” cholesterol l- normal is less than 130 in most individuals.
Triglycerides (fatty foods) -Normal is less than 150.
Cholesterol/HDL ratio should be less than 5.0 for men, 4.5 for women.
Liver function tests can be abnormal with alcohol use, exposure to other liver toxins, infectious hepatitis, and medications.
Bladder Cancer Screening
Checks urine for pre cancer/ cancer changes.
Hepatitis B Antibody
“Positive” is good, this means that you have the antibody. “Negative” means that you do not have the antibody.
PSA. Prostate specific antigen
Prostate health. Can go higher with prostate infection or cancer.
hs CRP C-Reactive Protein
Can help identify patients without known cardiovascular disease but higher risk than estimated by major risk factors. Average of 2 measures, ≥ 2 weeks apart.
– If > 10mg with search for obvious source of infection or inflammation.
– Low risk (<1.0)
– Average risk (1.0 – 3.0)
– High risk (>3)
AHA/CDC Scientific Statement. Circ 2003; 107-499.